Frequently asked questions
Spaying and neutering is a surgical procedure performed on animals to prevent them from being able to reproduce. Females undergo spay surgery, called ovariohysterectomy, which involves removing the ovaries and uterus. Males have neuter surgery, called orchidectomy, where the testicles are removed.
The procedure depends on if the patient is a cat or dog, and male or female. All pets will undergo a veterinarian's exam before surgery, and will receive an anesthetic and pain relief medication. During the surgery, your pet's breathing and heart rate will be closely monitored by the veterinary staff.
Cryptorchid is based on the Greek words "crypto" (meaning "hidden") and "orchid" (meaning "testicle"). This condition is considered a birth defect - where the testicle doesn't "migrate" out of the body cavity and into the scrotum like normal during fetal development. Some pets can be "late bloomers" and a testicle not present at birth can descend later, but by 4-6 months of age, if it isn't there, it won't likely be. Since this is a heritable trait, any pet with this condition should be neutered to not pass on this trait. Also, the risk of testicular cancer in an abdominally cryptorchid dog is high.
Your cat or dog will be under anesthesia during surgery, and will feel no pain. You should keep the animal quiet after surgery while she or he heals. Dogs and cats should be kept indoors; dogs walked on a leash.
Your animal’s behavior will not change except that male dogs and cats will be less likely to fight, roam and spayed females will no longer go into heat.
"Adolescent" cats and dogs as young as five months can get pregnant. For many reasons, it is important to spay or neuter BEFORE the first litter is born - before six months.